A full hydrogen tank will last about 300 miles (approximately). Battery-powered cars can match this amount with very large batteries, which in turn will increase both the vehicle's weight and charging times. What is striking is that the exact same terms of discussion could have been used a century ago. You must replace fuel cells and hydrogen with the combustion engine and oil.
In 1917, the battery was already 4 or more times more efficient than the combustion engine. Even so, gasoline and combustion engines completely prevail, essentially because they were more practical (fast refueling, greater autonomy and, in the long run, it was easier to create an oil refueling infrastructure). Answer: Simply wrong, FC systems are known for their reliability and robustness. There are dozens of fuel cell buses in use or planned in Ohio, Michigan, Illinois and Massachusetts, as well as in California.
At gas stations, hydrogen sells for much more than gasoline, yet a fuel cell car travels approximately twice as much as a conventional car with an equivalent amount of fuel. In fact, it's quite ridiculous how difficult it is to fill a car that runs on HFC ◾ You won't even go 100 miles with the hydrogen tanks of current technology that are still safe to transport in a car ◾ Fuel cells wear out very quickly and are difficult to regenerate.
Hydrogen fuel cellcars are quiet, very energy efficient, produce no emissions and have a range and performance equivalent to those of gasoline. While a fuel cell car runs on electricity, it does so differently from plug-in or battery-powered hybrid cars.
I just saw a guy fill his fuel cell car with hydrogen, and it didn't seem any more difficult than filling it with gas, besides there was no smoke. Department of Energy: Fuel Cell Vehicles Federal government website that provides an overview of fuel cell technology and a comparison of available models. My provisional, simple and logical suggestion (pending the development of fuel cells for cars and local service stations) would be to replace petroleum-powered or nuclear power plants with hydrogen-powered ones, achieve the short-term ecological objective, and concentrate complicated management deficiencies in fewer geographical areas where they can be safely controlled. Hydrogen enters the anode, where it comes into contact with a catalyst that promotes the separation of hydrogen atoms into an electron and a proton.
With these incentives included, the total cost of ownership of a fuel cell car can be comparable to that of conventional cars. While renewable sources of hydrogen, such as agricultural and waste sites, are increasing, most of the hydrogen obtained as fuel comes from traditional natural gas extraction. The ONLY thing electric cars perform better than hydrogen cars is their efficiency, but the fuel cell is still better than the most efficient ICE (38% of Toyota) currently developed. This criticism of the fuel cell car is mainly based on two arguments (the lower energy efficiency of the FCEV compared to Honda) and Toyota has partnered with a subsidiary of Shell Oil to build new hydrogen refueling stations in California.