The Inflation Reduction Act will boost the growth of electric vehicles. But it will also do the same with hydrogen fuel cell cars, although electric vehicles are now a few laps ahead. In any case, car manufacturers have chips in both fields. FCEVs use a propulsion system similar to that of electric vehicles, in which the fuel cell converts energy stored in the form of hydrogen into electricity.
Unlike conventional internal combustion engine vehicles, these vehicles produce no harmful exhaust pipe emissions. Energy resilience through diversity and the strengthening of the economy. Based on the data in the table above, the fuel cell solution is almost as efficient as an ICE car with a gasoline engine. As things stand right now, fuel cells don't make sense in passenger cars.
That's why most manufacturers seem to prefer the battery pack solution, even with its limitations. It then has to mix with oxygen in a fuel cell stack to generate electricity to power the car's engines. Fuel cell manufacturer Plug PowerPlug says it is on track to produce 70 metric tons of green hydrogen per day by the third quarter of this year. There are a few different types of fuel cells, but proton exchange membrane (PEMFC) fuel cells are used almost exclusively in the automotive industry.
Hydrogen molecules break up into protons and electrons due to an electrochemical reaction in the fuel cell catalyst. The key to encouraging hydrogen vehicles is to make them part of a larger “hydrogen economy”: building refueling stations only for hydrogen cars would be inefficient. Another benefit is a longer range than that of battery-powered electric vehicles (BEV), since fuel cells can convert more hydrogen into electricity than the average electric vehicle battery currently available can store. He says that the prices of clean hydrogen will continue to fall and, ultimately, it will be the most economical fuel for transport possible thanks to the drastic fall in the cost of wind and solar energy.
Although hydrogen is not yet a popular option, it is an alternative fuel source that is certainly worth keeping an eye on. However, this, along with several other obstacles to production, are apparently being overcome, and there is still a real possibility that hydrogen will be found as a much more prominent fuel in the near future. Hydrogen is considered an alternative fuel under the Energy Policy Act of 1992 and is eligible to receive tax credits for alternative fuel vehicles. Automakers have been experimenting with hydrogen fuel cell technology for several years, trying to decipher the formula for using the most abundant resource in the universe to power cars.
The most common type of fuel cell for vehicle applications is the polymer electrolytic membrane (PEM) fuel cell.